Democratic Accountability through Constitutional Reports

By : Zafarullah Khan The 18th Constitutional amendment brought about monumental shifts in Pakistan’s federal architecture and introduced new divisions of power between the federal and provincial governments. Now it is constitutionally obligatory for the annual reports of Council of Common Interests (CCI), National Economic Council (NEC), and bi-annual reports of National Finance Commission (NFC) […]

Review of report on the implementation of NFC Award

By : Dr. Idrees Khawaja. The National Finance Commission (NFC) report is produced biannually and presented to the Speaker of National and Provincial Assemblyand to the Chairman Senate by the Federal minister for finance. The biannual NFC reports submitted so far contain concise discussion on the vertical and horizontal distribution of funds i.e. from the […]

Report on Observance and Implementation of Principles of Policy: An Evaluation

By : Asma Faiz. The Principles of Policy (PoP) are an essential component of Pakistani law covered in the Preamble to the 1973 Constitution. These clauses are diverse in nature covering different aspects of governance and policy-making in the country. In essence the PoP provide a guiding light for policy-makers who are entrusted with the […]

Annual Reports of the Council of Common Interests: An Analysis

By : Dr. Syed Jaffar Ahmed. Introduction: The Council of Common Interests (CCI) is an important institution created by the 1973 constitution of Pakistan. The constitution had adopted federalism as the form of government, and incorporated into its scheme a number of instruments and devices ensuring the operationalization of federal principles. In order to harmonize […]

Annual Report of the National Economic Council for the Financial Year 2011-12: A review

By : Zubair Faisal Abbasi. The 18th Amendment to the Constitution brought significant change to the system of democratic governance in Pakistan. The institution of National Economic Council (NEC) also underwent some changes. The legislators were able to add three more clauses pertaining to the affairs of NEC, adding to the two existing ones in […]

Bringing Pakistani Federalism to Universities

Shiza Malik The 18th Constitutional Amendment was nothing short of a legislative revolution, and the most significant move towards the consolidation of democratic federalism in Pakistan’s history. In an ailing polity plagued with civil unrest, ethnic and religious violence, demographic and economic disparities and inter-provincial conflict, constitutional arrangements such as the 18th Amendment promising provincial […]

Balochistan versus the federation

Balochistan has remained in conflict with the center during the last six and half decades, with Baloch nationalist forces protesting against the Punjab dominated establishment for not having been treated fairly or granted authority and autonomy. The resultant trust deficit, between the federation and its federating units has caused uncertainty among the people of Baluchistan […]

Federalism in Pakistan: Problems and Prospects

  The current federalist arrangements for sharing the political landscape of Pakistan amongst its constituent parts represent the wish list of the political leadership, especially from the smaller provinces, more than the reality on the ground. The history of federalism in this country is a story of ‘two steps forward, one step backwards’. At the […]

Islamabad: a city with two conflicting souls

Capital cities, in federally organized countries, are often viewed as symbols of a nation’s pride and epitomize national diversity. They serve as seat of national government and hosts to a variety of national institutions and foreign embassies. In this way, capital cities take on special political, administrative and symbolic cultural roles that differ from other […]

Quest for federalism—perspectives from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The demand for a genuine federal democratic republic of Pakistan in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is as old as Pakistan itself and in some cases is even older than Pakistan. Initially, it was the Khudai Khidmatgar Movement and its various offshoots that struggled hard in the colonial era to win the status of a separate province with […]