Road to Election-2018

There will be three elections in Pakistan during 2018. Before March 11, 2018 there will be mid-term election for 52 seats of the Senate of Pakistan-the House of Federation.

From the federating units Balochistan will elect 11 Senators including 7 on general seats, two on technocrats/ulema and two women seats. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa will elect 11 Senators including 7 on general seats, two on technocrats/ulema and two women seats. The Punjab and Sindh each will elect 12 Senators including 7 on general seats, two on technocrats/ulema, two women seats and one on minority seat. The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) will elect four Senators on General Seats. Federal Capital-Islamabad will elect 2 Senators; one on a general seat and one on technocrats/ulema seat.

The second election will be for 342 national (272-direct, 60 reserved for women, 10 reserved for religious minorities) and 728 provincial assemblies seats in Punjab (total: 371 out of which 297-direct, 66 reserved for women and 8 reserved for religious minorities), Sindh (total: 168 out of which 130-direct, 29 reserved for women and 9 reserved for religious minorities), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (total: 124 out of which 99-direct, 22 reserved for women and 3 reserved for religious minorities) and Balochistan (total: 65 out of which 51-direct, 11 reserved for women and 3 reserved for religious minorities).

The current National Assembly of Pakistan will be completing its five year constitutional term (Article 52) on May 30, 2018. Then according to Article 224 (1) the general election will be held within a period of sixty days immediately following the day on which the term of the Assembly is due to expire. If the Prime Minister dissolves the assembly then the election will be held within 90-day. If adhered to the constitution, then the next general election will be held by or before July 31, 2018.

The third election will be of 13th President of Pakistan in August-September of 2018 as the incumbent Syed Mamnoon Hussain will be completing his five years term on September 8, 2018.

Brief history of Elections in Pakistan on the basis of adult franchise

S.no Elections based on adult franchise National Provincial Joint or Separate Electorate Turnout
1 1970 Dec. 7, 1970 Dec. 17, 1970 Joint 59.8 percent
2 1977 March 7, 1977 March 10, 1977 Joint 55 percent
3 1985 (Party-less) Feb. 25, 1985 Feb. 28, 1985 Separate 59.8 percent
4 1988 Nov. 16, 1988 Nov. 19, 1988 Separate 43.07 percent
5 1990 Oct. 24, 1990 Oct. 27, 1990 Separate 45.46 percent
6 1993 Oct. 6, 1993 Oct. 9, 1993 Separate 40.28 percent
7 1997 Feb. 3, 1997 With national Separate 35.17 percent
8 2002 Oct. 10, 2002 With national Joint 41.8 percent
9 2008 Feb. 18, 2008 With national Joint 44.8 percent
10 2013 May 11, 2013 With national Joint 55 percent