SDG 5, or Sustainable Development Goal 5, is one of the 17 global goals established by the United Nations, with a target to be achieved by 2030. SDG 5 is titled “Gender Equality” and is dedicated to promoting and achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls. This goal aims to eliminate discrimination, violence, and harmful practices against women and girls. It seeks to ensure equal participation and opportunities in all aspects of society, including leadership, education, and economic participation. SDG 5 recognizes that achieving gender equality is not only a matter of human rights but also crucial for advancing sustainable development and promoting social justice. It is essential for building a more inclusive and equitable world for all.

Below is the information regarding international legislation Pakistan is a signatory to and where SDG 5 focused constitutional provisions can be found in the 1973 Constitution.

International Legislation

• Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women [CEDAW arts. 1-5] and girls [CRC art. 2], particularly in legislation, political and public life (art. 7), economic and social life (arts. 11, 13), and family relations (art. 16)]  

• Right to decide the number and spacing of children [CEDAW arts. 12, 16(1)(e); CRC art. 24(2)(f)]  Special protection for mothers and children [ICESCR art. 10] Elimination of violence against women and girls [CEDAW arts. 1- 6; DEVAW arts. 1-4; CRC arts. 24(3), 35]  Right to just and favourable conditions of work [ICESCR art. 7; CEDAW art. 11]

• Right to work, including technical and vocational training [ICESCR art. 6]  International cooperation [UDHR art. 28; DRtD arts. 3-4], particularly in relation to children [CRC arts. 23(4), 28(3)], persons with disabilities [CRPD art. 32], and indigenous peoples [UNDRIP art. 39]

Constitution of Pakistan

• Article 25  

• Article 26  

• Article 32  

• Article 34  

• Article 37(e)  

• Article 228(d)